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Computer Specialists Occupations In Robotics and Automated Systems

California Occupational Guide Number 2004-C
1994 (Archived August 2003)
Profiling:
          Artificial Intelligence Specialists
          Computer Programmers
          Computer Systems Analysts


Why are these jobs emerging? 

     They fit the category of existing occupations that require significant 
     skills modification.

Computer technology is constantly advancing.  Today's computer specialists 
working in manufacturing need skills in many forefront technologies including
Artificial Intelligence (AI), networking, computer-aided design/computer-
aided manufacturing/computer-aided engineering (CAD/CAM/CAE), and computer 
simulation.

"Computer scientists and systems analysts will be among the fastest growing 
occupations through the year 2005."

"The rising demand for information, further automation of offices and 
factories, advances in health and medicine and continuing scientific 
Research will stimulate the demand for skilled programmers."


Computer professionals play a major role in robotics and automation.

  --  They work with engineers and other experts to design computer systems.

  --  They create CAD/CAM engineering programs used in advanced manufacturing
      systems to both design and build a product.

  --  They make robots "smarter" by programming systems that allow robots to
      communicate digitally with the computer system.


                     ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SPECIALISTS

WHAT THEY DO

Artificial Intelligence (AI) programming describes the ability of a computer 
to think for itself.  AI Specialist is the name often given to computer 
scientists who specialize in AI.  Those in automation and robotics design 
software programs that utilize expert, or knowledge-based systems specific to 
robotics and manufacturing operations, including product specification and 
design applications.  They also use AI in sensor and vision applications.
AI Specialists are also involved in studying neural networks which is the 
fastest-growing segment of AI.  Neural networks mimic the brain's ability to 
recognize and comprehend patterns, voices, and written characters.  
Researchers are involved in developing industrial applications including 
software for diagnostic tools, and self-taught robots.

JOB RELATED SKILLS

Knowledge of:
  --  Expert systems
  --  Neural networks
  --  Machine vision systems

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  --  Bachelor degree in computer science, information science, information 
      systems, data processing or a related major.
  --  Advanced degree may be required.

ANNUAL SALARY RANGE

Wage information not available


                     California Projected Job Outlook*
                                  1990-2005
       Computer Scientists, Related Workers, Not Elsewhere Classified

                     Estimated Employment in 1990:    6,060
                     Projected Employment in 2005    11,660
                     New Jobs in all industries:      5,610
                     Percent Change 1990-2005         92.7%

An additional 1,140 openings will occur as workers retire or leave the labor 
market for other reasons.

*Projected Job Outlook is not industry specific.


                              COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS

WHAT THEY DO

Computer Programmers, working in robotics and automation create software 
programs for the computer that controls the system. The programmer must be
familiar with manufacturing application programs that permit the integrated 
use of machines and robots in manufacturing. They may input test data into 
computers, correct errors, and write instructions to guide operating 
personnel during production runs. These programmers are experts on Local 
Area Networks (LAN) that link all the computers and computer controlled 
equipment on the factory floor and are increasingly involved in AI 
programming.

JOB  RELATED SKILLS

Knowledge of:
  --  AI Programming;
  --  Computer-aided software
  --  Fourth generation computer
      languages;
  --  Local Area Network (LAN).

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  --  Bachelor or AA degree in computer science, information science, 
information systems, mathematics or data processing preferred; 
  --  Substantial specialized experience.

ANNUAL SALARY RANGE

According to a number of California surveys the annual median salary for 
Computer Programmers ranges from $36,000 to $42,000.


                  California Projected Job Outlook*
                                 1990-2005
                 Computer Programmers, Including Aides

                 Estimated Employment in 1990           74,610
                 Projected Employment in 2005          107,540
                 New Jobs in all industries             32,930
                 Percent Change 1990-2005                44.1%

An additional 30,270 openings will occur as workers retire or leave the 
labor market for other reasons.

*Projected Job Outlook is not industry specific.


                          COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS

WHAT THEY DO

In the robotics/automation field Computer Systems Analysts, also known as 
Computer Scientists, work with engineers and other experts to determine how
computers can be used to meet specific needs.  They must fully understand 
the work goals and the capabilities of both the computer control system and 
all equipment that will be computer controlled.  These analysts may 
specialize in AI, expert, or knowledge-based systems, robotics systems,
simulation software, machine vision, advanced robot control or digital 
control of manufacturing processes.

JOB RELATED SKILLS

Knowledge of:
  --  AI Technology;
  --  Computer Simulation;
  --  Database management;
  --  Local area networks (LAN); and Wide area networks (WAN);engineering.

EDUCATION AND TRAINING

  --  Bachelor's degree in computer science, information science, information
      systems, engineering, or a related major;
  --  Graduate degree often required for more complex work.

ANNUAL SALARY RANGE

According to a number of California surveys the annual median salary for 
Systems Analysts ranges from $31,900 to $50,000.

                       California Projected Job Outlook*
                                 1990 - 2005
              Systems Analysts -  Electronic Data Processing

                     Estimated Employment in 1990          53,110
                     Projected Employment in 2005          76,720
                     New Jobs in all industries            23,610
                     Percent Change 1990-2005               44.5%

An additional 8,330 openings will occur as workers retire or leave the labor 
market for other reasons.

*Projected Job Outlook is not industry specific.


TRAINING INFORMATION

For information about training and education in the computer science fields 
contact:

  California Community Colleges
  1107 9th Street
  Sacramento, CA 95814
  (916) 445-8752
  http://www.cccco.edu
  
  University of California
  300 Lakeside Drive
  Oakland, CA 94612-3550
  (510) 987-0700
  http://www.ucop.edu
  
  California State University
  Academic Affairs, Plans and Programs
  400 Goldenshore
  Long Beach, CA 90802
  (310) 985-2845
  http://www.calstate.edu
  
  California Postsecondary Education Commission
  1303 J Street, Suite 500
  Sacramento, CA 95814
  (916) 445-1000
  http://www.cpec.ca.gov
  
  The California Council for Private Post
  Secondary and Vocational Education
  1027 10th Street, 4th Floor
  Sacramento, CA 95814
  http://infra1.dgs.ca.gov/cppve


WHERE ARE THE JOBS?

Job opportunities in manufacturing should be good for computer specialists 
with advanced technological skills.  Manufacturers continue to turn to 
factory automation and are attempting to maximize the efficiency of their 
computer systems.  Job opportunities in manufacturing related sectors will 
be found mainly in durable goods manufacturing and in industries involved 
with computers, peripheral equipment, parts and software.  Opportunities in 
California industries include automotive, aerospace, apparel, computers, 
electronics, food processing and pharmaceutical industries.  (For more 
detailed industry information see Occupational Guide Number 2004 A, 
Engineering Occupations in Robotics and Automated Systems).


Source:  State of California, Employment Development Department,
         Labor Market Information Division, Information Services Group,
         (916) 262-2162.
Note:  This is NOT a job opening.  The purpose of this occupational guide is to provide you with useful information to help you make career decisions.   If you are searching for a job, go to:


California Employment Development Department   >>   Labor Market Information   >>   More Occupational Guides -- Current  |  Archived