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Profiling: Artificial Intelligence Specialists Computer Programmers Computer Systems Analysts Why are these jobs emerging? They fit the category of existing occupations that require significant skills modification. Computer technology is constantly advancing. Today's computer specialists working in manufacturing need skills in many forefront technologies including Artificial Intelligence (AI), networking, computer-aided design/computer- aided manufacturing/computer-aided engineering (CAD/CAM/CAE), and computer simulation. "Computer scientists and systems analysts will be among the fastest growing occupations through the year 2005." "The rising demand for information, further automation of offices and factories, advances in health and medicine and continuing scientific Research will stimulate the demand for skilled programmers." Computer professionals play a major role in robotics and automation. -- They work with engineers and other experts to design computer systems. -- They create CAD/CAM engineering programs used in advanced manufacturing systems to both design and build a product. -- They make robots "smarter" by programming systems that allow robots to communicate digitally with the computer system. ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE SPECIALISTS WHAT THEY DO Artificial Intelligence (AI) programming describes the ability of a computer to think for itself. AI Specialist is the name often given to computer scientists who specialize in AI. Those in automation and robotics design software programs that utilize expert, or knowledge-based systems specific to robotics and manufacturing operations, including product specification and design applications. They also use AI in sensor and vision applications. AI Specialists are also involved in studying neural networks which is the fastest-growing segment of AI. Neural networks mimic the brain's ability to recognize and comprehend patterns, voices, and written characters. Researchers are involved in developing industrial applications including software for diagnostic tools, and self-taught robots. JOB RELATED SKILLS Knowledge of: -- Expert systems -- Neural networks -- Machine vision systems EDUCATION AND TRAINING -- Bachelor degree in computer science, information science, information systems, data processing or a related major. -- Advanced degree may be required. ANNUAL SALARY RANGE Wage information not available California Projected Job Outlook* 1990-2005 Computer Scientists, Related Workers, Not Elsewhere Classified Estimated Employment in 1990: 6,060 Projected Employment in 2005 11,660 New Jobs in all industries: 5,610 Percent Change 1990-2005 92.7% An additional 1,140 openings will occur as workers retire or leave the labor market for other reasons. *Projected Job Outlook is not industry specific. COMPUTER PROGRAMMERS WHAT THEY DO Computer Programmers, working in robotics and automation create software programs for the computer that controls the system. The programmer must be familiar with manufacturing application programs that permit the integrated use of machines and robots in manufacturing. They may input test data into computers, correct errors, and write instructions to guide operating personnel during production runs. These programmers are experts on Local Area Networks (LAN) that link all the computers and computer controlled equipment on the factory floor and are increasingly involved in AI programming. JOB RELATED SKILLS Knowledge of: -- AI Programming; -- Computer-aided software -- Fourth generation computer languages; -- Local Area Network (LAN). EDUCATION AND TRAINING -- Bachelor or AA degree in computer science, information science, information systems, mathematics or data processing preferred; -- Substantial specialized experience. ANNUAL SALARY RANGE According to a number of California surveys the annual median salary for Computer Programmers ranges from $36,000 to $42,000. California Projected Job Outlook* 1990-2005 Computer Programmers, Including Aides Estimated Employment in 1990 74,610 Projected Employment in 2005 107,540 New Jobs in all industries 32,930 Percent Change 1990-2005 44.1% An additional 30,270 openings will occur as workers retire or leave the labor market for other reasons. *Projected Job Outlook is not industry specific. COMPUTER SYSTEMS ANALYSTS WHAT THEY DO In the robotics/automation field Computer Systems Analysts, also known as Computer Scientists, work with engineers and other experts to determine how computers can be used to meet specific needs. They must fully understand the work goals and the capabilities of both the computer control system and all equipment that will be computer controlled. These analysts may specialize in AI, expert, or knowledge-based systems, robotics systems, simulation software, machine vision, advanced robot control or digital control of manufacturing processes. JOB RELATED SKILLS Knowledge of: -- AI Technology; -- Computer Simulation; -- Database management; -- Local area networks (LAN); and Wide area networks (WAN);engineering. EDUCATION AND TRAINING -- Bachelor's degree in computer science, information science, information systems, engineering, or a related major; -- Graduate degree often required for more complex work. ANNUAL SALARY RANGE According to a number of California surveys the annual median salary for Systems Analysts ranges from $31,900 to $50,000. California Projected Job Outlook* 1990 - 2005 Systems Analysts - Electronic Data Processing Estimated Employment in 1990 53,110 Projected Employment in 2005 76,720 New Jobs in all industries 23,610 Percent Change 1990-2005 44.5% An additional 8,330 openings will occur as workers retire or leave the labor market for other reasons. *Projected Job Outlook is not industry specific. TRAINING INFORMATION For information about training and education in the computer science fields contact: California Community Colleges 1107 9th Street Sacramento, CA 95814 (916) 445-8752 http://www.cccco.edu University of California 300 Lakeside Drive Oakland, CA 94612-3550 (510) 987-0700 http://www.ucop.edu California State University Academic Affairs, Plans and Programs 400 Goldenshore Long Beach, CA 90802 (310) 985-2845 http://www.calstate.edu California Postsecondary Education Commission 1303 J Street, Suite 500 Sacramento, CA 95814 (916) 445-1000 http://www.cpec.ca.gov The California Council for Private Post Secondary and Vocational Education 1027 10th Street, 4th Floor Sacramento, CA 95814 http://infra1.dgs.ca.gov/cppve WHERE ARE THE JOBS? Job opportunities in manufacturing should be good for computer specialists with advanced technological skills. Manufacturers continue to turn to factory automation and are attempting to maximize the efficiency of their computer systems. Job opportunities in manufacturing related sectors will be found mainly in durable goods manufacturing and in industries involved with computers, peripheral equipment, parts and software. Opportunities in California industries include automotive, aerospace, apparel, computers, electronics, food processing and pharmaceutical industries. (For more detailed industry information see Occupational Guide Number 2004 A, Engineering Occupations in Robotics and Automated Systems). Source: State of California, Employment Development Department, Labor Market Information Division, Information Services Group, (916) 262-2162.Note: This is NOT a job opening. The purpose of this occupational guide is to provide you with useful information to help you make career decisions. If you are searching for a job, go to: